The Constitution of the United States – Part 21

The Constitution of the United States – Part 21 

22nd Amendment – Presidential Term Limits!

Section 1.  No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once.  But this article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term.
 
Franklin Roosevelt was the only President who served more than two terms.  In the 1944 election, during WWII, Roosevelt won a fourth term but suffered a cerebral hemorrhage and died soon after taking office.  http://totallyhistory.com/22nd-amendment-to-the-constitution/
George Washington’s decision not to seek a third term was the two-term limit standard most Presidents followed thereafter, because they feared a repeat of the monarch system.
Glenn LaFantasie of Western Kentucky University said “ever since 1985, when Ronald Reagan was serving his second term as president, there have been repeated attempts to repeal the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution but they have all died before making it out of their respective committees.
Since the amendment’s ratification, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Richard M. Nixon, Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama have been elected President twice.   The Amendment specifically did not apply to the sitting president Harry S. Truman at the time it was proposed by Congress.  Truman served nearly all of FDR’s unexpired fourth term and had been elected in his own right to a full term in 1948.  He also is the only president who left office with nothing but his wife, his car and his dog.  He refused any kind of Presidential pension or secret service protection.  (NYT story by historian David McCullough, March 2, 2007)
We should have made THAT an amendment! – remember that our government was set up so that originally serving in Congress was to be a PART-TIME job . . . now we have a perpetual growing class of leeches for as long as they live.  Currently,  former Presidents get an annual pension of $186,000 and Secret Service protection for as long as they live.  The ones since Truman, particularly in the last 40 years, have hit the speaking tour route and make additional millions cashing in on their former title.  Truman was the last who felt it was disrespectul and deplorable to “commercialize on the prestige and dignity of the office of the presidency.”

23rd Amendment – DC has a vote!

 
The District constituting the seat of Government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct:  A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a State, and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the Twelfth Article of Amendment.
The District of Columbia has been “no man’s land” since its beginning where voting for representatives of their district is concerned.  Since its founding in 1800 as the seat of the new government, it was assumed that it would be a center of government and not a population center.  By 1900, a quarter of a million people lived there, but since it is a district and not a State, there was no vehicle for them to be represented in elections for the President and Vice-President.  As citizens, they were required to pay taxes and serve in the military, but they had no representation – the same issue the colonists had with the King of England!
The only thing the 23rd Amendment does is give residents of the DC area the right to vote for the President and Vice-President.  Since they are not a State, they have no Congressional members like a Senator or Representatives.   www.civilrights.org/archives/2009/03/205-amendment23.html
It took many years of arguing and petitioning to finally get the right to vote in DC – the Amendment finally passed Congress in 1960 and was ratified in March, 1961.   The 1964 election was the first election that DC residents participated in with their votes.